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Avery O. Craven Award Winners

2014 Ari Kelman, University of California, Davis, A Misplaced Massacre: Struggling over the Memory of Sand Creek (Harvard University Press)

Honorable Mention: Caroline E. Janney, Purdue University, Remembering the Civil War: Reunion and the Limits of Reconciliation (University of North Carolina Press)

Honorable Mention: Walter Johnson, Harvard University, River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom (The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press)

2013 Jonathan Levy, Princeton University, Freaks of Fortune: The Emerging World of Capitalism and Risk in America (Harvard University Press)

2012 Nicole Etcheson, Ball State University, A Generation at War: The Civil War Era in a Northern Community (University Press of Kansas)

2011 Stephanie McCurry, University of Pennsylvania, Confederate Reckoning: Power and Politics in the Civil War South (Harvard University Press)

Honorable Mention: Ronald E. Butchart, University of Georgia, Schooling the Freed People: Teaching, Learning, and the Struggle for Black Freedom, 1861–1876 (University of North Carolina Press)

Honorable Mention: Kate Masur, Northwestern University, An Example for All the Land: Emancipation and the Struggle over Equality in Washington, D.C. (University of North Carolina Press)

2010 Hannah Rosen, University of Michigan, Terror in the Heart of Freedom: Citizenship, Sexual Violence, and the Meaning of Race in the Postemancipation South (The University of North Carolina Press)

2009 Edward B. Rugemer, Yale University, The Problem of Emancipation: The Caribbean Roots of the American Civil War (Louisiana State University Press)

2008 Chandra Manning, Georgetown University, What This Cruel War Was Over: Soldiers, Slavery and the Civil War (Alfred A. Knopf)

2007 Mark Elliott, Wagner College, Color-Blind Justice: Albion Tourgée and the Quest for Racial Equality from the Civil War to Plessy v. Ferguson (Oxford University Press)

2006 Anne Sarah Rubin, University of Maryland, Baltimore County, A Shattered Nation: The Rise and Fall of the Confederacy, 1861–1868 (University of North Carolina Press)

2005 C. Wyatt Evans, Drew University, The Legend of John Wilkes Booth: Myth, Memory, and a Mummy (University Press of Kansas)

2004 Dylan C. Penningroth, Northwestern University, The Claims of Kinfolk: African American Property and Community in the Nineteenth-Century South (University of North Carolina Press)

2003 John Stauffer, Harvard University, The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race (Harvard University Press)

2002 Don E. Fehrenbacher, Stanford University, The Slaveholding Republic: An Account of the United States Government’s Relations to Slavery (Oxford University Press) [Dr. Fehrenbacher died in 1997, but Ward M. McAfee, California State University-San Bernardino, a former student of Fehrenbacher’s, completed and edited the book.]

2001 Lyde Cullen Sizer, Sarah Lawrence College, The Political Work of Northern Women Writers and the Civil War, 1850–1872 (The University of North Carolina Press)

2000 Walter Johnson, Soul by Soul: Life Inside the Antebellum Slave Market (Harvard University Press)

1999 Amy Dru Stanley, From Bondage to Contract: Wage Labor, Marriage, and the Market in the Age of Slave Emancipation (Cambridge University Press)

1998 William G. Shade, Democratizing the Old Dominion: Virginia and the Second Party System, 1824–1861 (University Press of Virginia)

Mark M. Smith, Mastered by the Clock: Time, Slavery, and Freedom in the American South (University of North Carolina Press)

1997 Drew Gilpin Faust, Mothers of Invention: Women of the Slaveholding South in the American Civil War (The University of North Carolina Press)

1996 David L. Gollaher, Voice for the Mad: The Life of Dorothea Dix (The Free Press)

1995 Julie Saville, The Work of Reconstruction: From Slave to Wage Laborer in South Carolina, 1860–1870 (Cambridge University Press)

1994 Eric Lott, Love and Theft: Blackface Minstrelsy and the American Working Class (Oxford University Press)

1993 Tyler Anbinder, Nativism and Slavery: The Northern Know Nothings and the Politics of the 1850s (Oxford University Press)

1992 William S. McFeely, Frederick Douglass (W.W. Norton & Co.)

1991 Grace Palladino, Another Civil War: Labor, Capital, and the State in the Anthracite Regions of Pennsylvania, 1840–1968 (University of Illinois Press)

1990 Lewis P. Simpson, Mind and the American Civil War: A Meditation on Lost Causes (Louisiana State University Press)

1989 Eric Foner, Reconstruction: America's Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877 (Harper & Row Publishers)

1988 William E. Gienapp, The Origins of the Republican Party 1852–1856 (Oxford University Press

Peter Kolchin, Unfree Labor: American Slavery and Russian Serfdom (Harvard University Press)

1987 Clarence L. Mohr, On the Threshold of Freedom: Masters and Slaves in Civil War Georgia (University of Georgia Press)

1986 Dan T. Carter, When the War Was Over: The Failure of Self-Reconstruction in the South 1865–1867 (Louisiana State University Press)

1985 Michael Perman, Road to Redemption: Southern Politics, 1869–1879 (The University of North Carolina Press)