1. Journal of American History
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  3. Teaching the JAH
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  5. The Power of the Ecotone: Bison, Slavery, and the Rise and Fall of the Grand Village of the Kaskaskia

The Power of the Ecotone: Bison, Slavery, and the Rise and Fall of the Grand Village of the Kaskaskia


Exercise 2: Newcomers

In the Classroom

Use “The Power of the Ecotone” to summarize the proto-Illinois migrations beginning in the 1500s. Examine the maps and read the eyewitness descriptions of the Illinois’ main settlement in the 1670s and 1680s. Summarize the Illinois movements and their changing village locations. Answer the following questions:

  1. What has happened by the 1680s, just after the Iroquois attack on the Kaskaskia village?
  2. Why do you think this happened?

Sources

  • “Marquette Map of 1673.” Reprinted from Sara Jones Tucker, Indian Villages of the Illinois Country (Springfield, 1942). Courtesy Illinois History and Lincoln Collections, University of Illinois, Urbana. This map depicts the Kaskaskia village in the Illinois River valley, as well as several other Illinois villages to the West of the Mississippi River.
1684 Map of Louisiana
1677 Map of Louisiana