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The Rise and Fall and Rise of Civilizations: Indian Intellectual Culture during the Removal Era


Education and Intellectual Culture

Lisa Brooks, The Common Pot: The Recovery of Native Space in the Northeast (Minneapolis, 2008).

Brenda J. Child, Boarding School Seasons: American Indian Families, 1900–1940 (Lincoln, 1998).

Amanda J. Cobb, Listening to Our Grandmothers’ Stories: The Bloomfield Academy for Chickasaw Females, 1852–1949 (Lincoln, 2000).

K. Tsianina Lomawaima, They Called It Prairie Light: The Story of Chilocco Indian School (Lincoln, 1994).

Phillip H. Round, Removable Type: Histories of the Book in Indian Country, 1663–1880 (Chapel Hill, 2010).


Jessica Cattelino, High Stakes: Florida Seminole Gaming and Sovereignty (Durham, N.C., 2008).

Andrew Denson, Demanding the Cherokee Nation: Indian Autonomy and American Culture, 1830–1900 (Lincoln, 2004).

Kathleen DuVal, “Debating Identity, Sovereignty, and Civilization: The Arkansas Valley after the Louisiana Purchase,” Journal of the Early Republic, 26 (Spring, 2006), 25–58.

Katherine M. B. Osburn, Choctaw Resurgence in Mississippi: Race, Class, and Nation Building in the Jim Crow South, 1830–1977 (Lincoln, 2014).

Julie L. Reed, Serving the Nation: Cherokee Sovereignty and Social Welfare, 1800–1907 (Norman, 2016).

Indian Removal

John P. Bowes, “American Indian Removal beyond the Removal Act,” Native American and Indigenous Studies, 1 (Spring 2014), 65–87.

Tim Alan Garrison, The Legal Ideology of Removal: The Southern Judiciary and the Sovereignty of Native Nations (Athens, Ga., 2002).

Michael D. Green, The Politics of Indian Removal: Creek Government and Society in Crisis (Lincoln, 1982),

Theda Perdue, “The Legacy of Indian Removal,” Journal of Southern History, 78 (Feb. 2012), 3–36.

Indigeneity and Modernity

Philip J. Deloria, Indians in Unexpected Places (Lawrence, 2004).

Alexandra Harmon, Rich Indians: Native People and the Problem of Wealth in American History (Chapel Hill, 2013).

Jean M. O’Brien, Firsting and Lasting: Writing Indians Out of Existence in New England (Minneapolis, 2010).