Lecture Description

When Muhammad Ali announced that he had joined the Nation of Islam in 1964, his father told reporters that his son had been “brainwashed” by Elijah Muhammad. This idea–that the physically powerful boxer had a weak mind–persisted throughout his career, often cited to discredit his activism against the war in Vietnam and to mock his chosen religion. But it also resonates in today’s debates over the presence of African Americans (especially Black men) in national conversations about faith, power, and authentic self-definition.


African American Religion

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