Lecture Description

In the 1890s, British managers, Mexican workers, German migrants and Irish craft people brought Association Football to urban Texas, building a vibrant club scene where they could all seize a moment of rest and community together. The strengthening of Jim Crow after World War I pushed soccer out of most public parks; communities along the rail lines connecting Texas to Mexico kept the game going. The Cold War added U.S. soldiers, foreign trainees and refugees to the mix of people playing in army communities; the Civil Rights Act and the Higher Education Act opened public parks and university fields; Title IX opened up schools and parents to soccer; NAFTA brought a whole new set of managers and workers to the field. Association Football became futbol/soccer, a recreational sport shaped by the tensions between opportunity and inequality in the United States.


Migration/Migrant Sports and Recreation

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John Mckiernan-González

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