“Huggermuggered and Suppressed”: Hardball Politics and the Ratification of the Constitution

In Pennsylvania especially, Federalist efforts at playing hardball went far beyond publishing astringent newspaper pieces. They took every legal advantage--and some others that seemingly crossed the line in their single-minded pursuit of victory at all costs. These tactics appeared to work--until they didn't--and produced instead a backlash that nearly derailed the entire ratification effort.

Lecture Description

In this lecture, Estes explores the way Federalists opened the debate over ratifying the Constitution with aggressive, hardball politics aimed at crushing and silencing Anti-Federalist opposition, rather than genuinely debating the new document.


Legal and Constitutional Politics

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