At the beginning of the eighteenth century, Native Southerners lived in vibrant and complex communities. These communities occupied lands that Europeans - particularly the English - wanted. But after centuries of social and cultural renewal, tradition and ceremony, Native Southerners weren't about to give up their homes to these intruders. They were determined to keep what we know today as the southeastern United States firmly within the orbit of Indian Country.
Long before the Indigenous people of southeastern North America encountered Europeans and Africans, they established communities with clear social and political hierarchies and rich cultural traditions. This lecture brings the world of Native Southerners to life in this sweeping narrative of American Indian history in the Southeast from the time before European colonialism to the Trail of Tears and beyond. Spanning territory reaching from modern-day Louisiana and Arkansas to the Atlantic coast, Native Southerners focuses on the stories of the Cherokees, Creeks, Seminoles, Creeks, Chickasaws, and Choctaws, as well as smaller Native communities like the Nottoways, Occaneechis, Haliwa-Saponis, Catawbas, and Caddos.