In September 1792, representatives from several villages of Cherokees, Creeks, and Shawnees declared war on the white settlements of eastern and mid-Tennessee. Those settlers were not sure if they belonged to the United States, nor if they wanted to be. And over the next two years of intense violence and profound trauma, they described themselves more in religious than national terms. They were “Christians” or “white people” in an epic, no-holds war with “savage” and “heathen” peoples who nonetheless qualified as nations in a way that they did not. This lecture offers a social history of these terrifying years along with a cultural and intellectual analysis of one of its major participants, a young Andrew Jackson.