Viva Lincoln: The International Reaction to Lincoln’s Assassination

Lecture Description

In this lecture, Doyle provides an overview of the international reaction to Lincoln’s assassination, setting the stage for what he calls “international Reconstruction.” No longer fearful of European intervention on behalf of the Confederacy, U.S. foreign policy sought successfully to create a zone of friendly, independent nations surrounding America. Surrounded by European adversaries during the war, the U.S. watched France leave Maximilian to his fate in Mexico. Days later, Russia sold Alaska to the U.S., Britain announced the Dominion of Canada, a home-rule autonomous polity, and Spain agreed to pull out of wars it had provoked with Peru and Chile, and the following year, faced rebel Cubans demanding an end to Spanish rule and slavery. The Cuban Revolution failed, but the U.S. played a crucial role in pressuring Spain to put slavery on the road to extinction; Brazil followed. In Europe, British workers mounted massive public demonstrations that forced Parliament to grant suffrage reform in 1867. Spanish revolutionaries toppled the throne of Bourbon Queen Isabella II the next year and promulgated a short-lived but exciting democratic regime. French republicans overthrew Napoleon III in 1870 and ushered in the Third Republic. The same year, Italy fulfilled its Risorgimento, making Rome its capital and reducing the once vast temporal power of the pope to Vatican City.

CATEGORIES

International Relations Lincoln

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