Paul Finkelman is the president of Gratz College. He has published more than fifty books, more than two hundred articles, and numerous op-eds on the law of American slavery, the First Amendment, American race relations, American legal history, the U.S. Constitution, freedom of religion, and baseball and the law. His most recent books include Supreme Injustice: Slavery in the Nation's Highest Court (2017) and Slavery and the Founders: Race and Liberty in the Age of Jefferson (3rd edition, 2014). He has lectured at the United Nations, throughout the United States, and in more than a dozen other countries, including China, Germany, Israel, and Japan. He previously taught at the University of Saskatchewan, Duke Law School, the University of Tulsa Law School, the Albany Law School, the University of Ottawa School of Law, and the University of Pittsburgh School of Law. His work has been cited in four decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court and in many appellate briefs. He was an expert witness in the famous Alabama Ten Commandments Monument Case (Glassroth v. Moore) and in the lawsuit over the ownership of Barry Bonds’ 73rd homerun ball (Popov v. Hayashi).
At the Constitutional Convention James Madison said the "fittest" (most proper) way to elect the president would be by a popular vote. But he thought that was impossible because it would harm the southern states because enslaved people could not vote. Thus, the electoral college folded the three-fifths clause into the election of the president. Slavery is gone, but its legacy remains in the electoral college.