N. D. B. Connolly is the Herbert Baxter Adams Associate Professor of History at Johns Hopkins University and a co-host of the American history podcast BackStory. His research considers racism and the American presidency, capitalism, racial segregation, West Indian immigration to the United States, and the relationship between community building and real estate development. Raised in South Florida, he is the author of A World More Concrete: Real Estate and the Remaking of Jim Crow South Florida (2014), winner of the OAH Liberty Legacy Foundation Award, the Urban History Association's Kenneth T. Jackson Award, and the Southern Historical Association's Bennett H. Wall Award. In addition to teaching, writing, and speaking widely, Connolly serves on the executive board of the Urban History Association. In 2009 he won the Arthur Fondiler Award for Best Dissertation, and in 2010 he received the Institute for the Humanities' "Emerging Scholars Prize" at the University of Michigan.
For over one hundred years, legalized racial segregation decided who got what in America. The system widely known as Jim Crow segregation, however, remained complicated and confusing, going through several iterations and, some argue, never quite disappearing. Concerned principally with the final generation of Americans to live under formal apartheid, N. D. B. Connolly explores the evolution of racially segregated communities, institutions, and consumer spaces after World War II. This lecture features primary historical documents that trouble our typical good vs. evil understanding of apartheid, and it considers the extent to which capitalism in the United States needed segregation in order to survive the geopolitical challenges of Fascism and the Cold War.