Steven Stoll is Professor of History at Fordham University, where he teaches North American environmental history. He is interested in the relationship between economy and ecology, His work is related to geography, social ecology, political theory, and often concerns agrarian societies in North America, which offer a vantage point on the intersection of ideas and practices, economies and landscapes. Stoll was born in Long Beach, California, and grew up on the beaches of Orange County and in the industrial landscape of the Los Angeles Harbor, where his father owned a business. He is the author of Larding the Lean Earth: Soil and Society in Nineteenth-Century America (2002) and Ramp Hollow: The Ordeal of Appalachia (2017), which considers the transformation of the region and its settler culture from subsistence autonomy to industrial extraction and dependence on wages.
The white working class has been in the news this year, but where did it come from? In the 1840s, writers celebrated Daniel Boone in some of the first biographies about the great Pathfinder. But just thirty years later, his legacies in Kentucky, Tennessee, and West Virginia were ridiculed and insulted by journalists, industrialists, politicians, and others from the coastal cities. How did this happen and what have been its implications?