Gerald Lee Gutek is a professor emeritus of education at Loyola University Chicago, where he taught, with a joint appointment in history, from 1963 to 1997 and also served as dean of education from 1979 to 1985. He has been a visiting professor at Loyola University of Los Angeles (now Loyola Marymount), Michigan State University, Northern Michigan University, Otterbein College, and the University of Glasgow in Scotland. He is the author of more than twenty books in the history of education, biography, philosophy of education, and historical travel, including Historical and Philosophical Foundations of Education: A Biographical Introduction (5th edition, 2011) and An Historical Introduction to American Education (3rd edition, 2012). Most recently, he is a coauthor, with Patricia A. Gutek, of Bringing Montessori to America: S. S. McClure, Maria Montessori, and the Campaign to Publicize Montessori Education (2016), a Choice outstanding academic book.
Historians of education have generally treated Margaret Naumburg (1890-1983) as a leader in child-centered progressive education. From a broader biographical perspective, the presentation paper examines four phases in Naumburg’s life: (1) as a pioneer American Montessori educator, 1913-1916; (2) as founder of the progressive Children’s/Walden School, 1916-1928; (3) as a Spiritualist Parapsychology researcher, 1929-1939; (4) as a leader in Art Therapy, 1940-1960.