Making Treason Odious Again: Roundtable Perspectives From the Congressional Naming Commission and the Army’s Internal War on the Lost Cause

Endorsed by SHFG

Saturday, April 1, 2023, 1:30 PM - 3:00 PM

Type: Roundtable Discussion

Tags: Civil War and Reconstruction; Military; Public History and Memory

Abstract

A roundtable featuring the work and experiences of three historians who assisted and advised Congress and the Department of Defense in identifying and renaming military assets that commemorate Confederates or the Confederacy. Together and apart, Naming Commission Vice Chair Ty Seidule, Center For Military History Executive Director Charles Bowery, and Lead Historian Connor Williams witnessed the myriad manners by which history, memory, bureaucracy, politics, publicity and policy all interplayed in the movements to guide the military away from historical treason and racism. They will also discuss lessons learned from working towards greater representation and historical considerations in future military commemorations.

Session Participants

Chair: David W. Blight, Yale University
David W. Blight is Sterling Professor of American History at Yale University, joining that faculty in January, 2003. He previously taught at Amherst College for thirteen years. As of June, 2004, he is Director, succeeding David Brion Davis, of the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition at Yale. In 2013-14 he was the William Pitt Professor of American History at Cambridge University, UK, and in 2010-11, Blight was the Rogers Distinguished Fellow in 19th century American History at the Huntington Library, San Marino, CA. During the 2006-07 academic year he was a fellow at the Dorothy and Lewis B. Cullman Center for Writers and Scholars, New York Public Library. He is currently writing a new, full biography of Frederick Douglass that will be published by Simon and Schuster in 2015. Blight works in many capacities in the world of public history, including on boards of museums and historical societies, and as a member of a small team of advisors to the 9/11 Memorial and Museum team of curators. For that institution he wrote the recently published essay, “Will It Rise: September 11 in American Memory.” In 2012, Blight was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and delivered an induction address, “The Pleasure and Pain of History.”
Blight’s newest books include annotated editions, with introductory essay, of Frederick Douglass’s second autobiography, My Bondage and My Freedom (Yale Univ. Press, 2013), Robert Penn Warren’s Who Speaks for the Negro, (Yale Univ. Press, 2014), and the monograph, American Oracle: The Civil War in the Civil Rights Era (Harvard University Press, published August 2011), which received the 2012 Anisfield-Wolf Award for best book in non-fiction on racism and human diversity. American Oracle is an intellectual history of Civil War memory, rooted in the work of Robert Penn Warren, Bruce Catton, Edmund Wilson, and James Baldwin. Blight is also the author of A Slave No More: Two Men Who Escaped to Freedom, Including their Narratives of Emancipation, (Harcourt, 2007), paperback in 2009. This book combines two newly discovered slave narratives in a volume that recovers the lives of their authors, John Washington and Wallace Turnage, as well as provides an incisive history of the story of emancipation. In June, 2004, the New York Times ran a front page story about the discovery and significance of these two rare slave narratives. A Slave No More garnered three book prizes, including the Connecticut Book Award for non-fiction. Blight recently published the articles, “The Theft of Lincoln in History, Politics, and Memory,” in Our Lincoln, Eric Foner, ed., (2008); and “Hating and Loving the ‘Real’ Abe Lincolns: Lincoln and the American South,” in Richard Carwardine and Jay Sexton, eds., The Global Lincoln, (Oxford Univ. Press, 2011); “Mirror of Memory,” American Interest, August, 2011; and numerous op-ed columns for newspapers, including the New York Times and the New York Daily News.
Blight is also the author of Race and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory (Harvard University Press, 2001), which received eight book awards, including the Bancroft Prize, the Abraham Lincoln Prize, and the Frederick Douglass Prize as well as four awards from the Organization of American Historians, including the Merle Curti prizes for both intellectual and social history. Other published works include a book of essays, Beyond the Battlefield: Race, Memory, and the American Civil War (University of Massachusetts Press, 2002); and Frederick Douglass’s Civil War: Keeping Faith in Jubilee (LSU Press, 1989). Blight is the editor of and author of introductions for six other books, including When This Cruel War Is Over: The Civil War Letters of Charles Harvey Brewster (Univ. of Massachusetts Press, 1992); Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave (Bedford Books, 1993);co-editor with Robert Gooding-Williams, W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk (Bedford Books, 1997); co-editor with Brooks Simpson, Union and Emancipation: Essays on Politics and Race in the Civil War Era (Kent State Univ. Press, 1997); and Caleb Bingham, The Columbian Orator (orig. 1797, NYU Press, 1997), the book of oratory and antislavery writings that Frederick Douglass discovered while a youth. The edited volume, Passages to Freedom: The Underground Railroad in History and Memory, was published by Smithsonian Press in 2004 and is the companion book for the opening of the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati.
Blight is also a frequent book reviewer for the New York Times, Washington Post Book World, the Chicago Tribune, the Los Angeles Times, the San Francisco Chronicle, the Boston Globe, Slate.com and other newspapers, and has written many articles on abolitionism, American historical memory, and African American intellectual and cultural history. He is one of the authors of the bestselling American history textbook for the college level, A People and a Nation (Houghton Mifflin). He is also series advisor and editor for the Bedford Books series in American History and Culture, a popular series of teaching books for the college level. Blight lectures widely in the US and around the world on the Civil War and Reconstruction, race relations, Douglass, Du Bois, and problems in public history and American historical memory. He teaches summer institutes for secondary teachers and for park rangers and historians in the National Park Service, devoting a good deal of time to these and many other public history initiatives.
Blight has been a consultant to many documentary films, including, “Death and the Civil War,” (2012), the 1998 PBS series, “Africans in America,” and “The Reconstruction Era” (2004) among others. Blight has a Ph. D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and did his undergraduate degree at Michigan State University. He has also taught at Harvard University, at North Central College in Naperville, Illinois, and for seven years was a public high school teacher in his hometown, Flint, Michigan. He was also senior Fulbright Professor in American Studies at the University of Munich in Germany in 1992-93.
Blight was elected as a member of the Society of American Historians in 2002, and served as that Society’s President in 2013-14. Board of Trustees or Advisory Board memberships include the New York Historical Society, the Benjamin Franklin Papers at Yale, the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center in Cincinnati, the National Civil War Center at Tredegar in Richmond, VA, Executive Board of the Organization of American Historians, and the board for African American Programs at Monticello in Charlottesville, VA. He also served on the board of advisors to the Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Commission and is involved in planning numerous conferences and events to commemorate the sesquicentennial of the Civil War. In his capacity as director of the Gilder Lehrman Center at Yale, Blight organizes conferences, working groups, lectures, the administering of the annual Frederick Douglass Book Prize, and many public outreach programs regarding the history of slavery and its abolition. Blight maintains a professional web site at davidwblight.com and his lectures for the course, “The Civil War and Reconstruction Era,” are available on line at the Yale University web site, Opencourses.Yale.edu. In 2009, Blight chaired the jury for non-fiction for the National Book Award.

Panelist: Charles R. Bowery Jr., United States Army Center of Military History
Charles R. Bowery, Jr., SES, serves as Executive Director, United States Army Center of Military History, Washington, D.C. In this role he serves as the senior historical advisor within the Department of the Army and coordinates all aspects of historical support to the headquarters and operating forces, as well as providing management for the Army’s thirty museums, 550,000 artifacts, and 15,000 original works of art, including the National Museum of the U.S. Army.Mr. Bowery served for twenty-three years on active duty as an Army Aviation officer, with deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan and overseas assignments in Korea and Germany. From 2001 to 2003, he taught military history at West Point and served as the director of the West Point Summer Seminar in Military History.Mr. Bowery is the author of Richmond-Petersburg 1864-1865 (ABC-CLIO) and Lee and Grant: Profiles in Leadership From the Battlefields of Virginia (American Management Association), and is the co-editor, with Ethan S. Rafuse, of The Army War College Guide to theRichmond-Petersburg Campaign (University Press of Kansas). His publications include articles in Gettysburg Magazine, Army History, and Military Review, plus dozens of scholarly reviews.Mr. Bowery earned his B.A. in history from The College of William and Mary, and his M.A. in history from North Carolina State University. He is a second-year Ph.D. student at The George Washington University.

Panelist: Ty Seidule, Hamilton College / West Point
Ty Seidule is the Chamberlain Fellow at Hamilton College and Professor Emeritus of History at West Point. He served in the U.S. Army for 36 years, retiring as a Brigadier General. Ty is the Vice Chair for the Naming Commission tasked by Congress to rename Department of Defense assets that honor Confederates. His latest book is Robert E. Lee and Me: A Southerner’s Reckoning with the Myth of the Lost Cause. A leader in digital history, he is the creator and senior editor of the award-winning West Point History of Warfare, the largest enhanced digital book in any field. His video lecture “Was the Civil War about Slavery?” has more than 30 million views on social media, making it one of the most watched history lectures, in history. Ty is the author or editor of six other books, three of which won distinguished writing prizes, including The West Point History of the Civil War.

Commentator: Jacqueline E. Whitt
Dr. Jacqueline Whitt is the Dwight D. Eisenhower Chair of National Security Studies and Associate Professor of Strategy at the US Army War College. She is also the editor in chief of WAR ROOM, the online journal and podcast of the Army War College. Currently, she is detailed as the Acting Deputy Director and Senior Advisor for the Organizational Learning Unit in the Office of Policy, Planning, and Resources for the Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs at the Department of State. There, she is leading the writing and publication of the first-ever doctrine for public diplomacy and helping to stand up a new unit to support learning for organizations and individuals for public diplomacy to remain relevant and adaptable in a complex and changing information environment. She holds a PhD in American and military history from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She writes about strategic theory, grand strategy, and narrative and also about the social and cultural history of the US military and, especially, the history of integrating minoritized communities into the armed forces. She has published books, articles, and chapters on a variety of topics. She staffs the Joint Chiefs of Cats, General Sherman and Admiral Farragut at Joint Base Whitt and tweets as @notabattlechick.

Panelist: Connor Williams, Yale University, Departments of History and African American Studies
Connor Williams is the Lead Historian for the Congressional “Naming Commission,” researching the history, causes and context of Department of Defense assets that commemorate Confederates or the Confederacy. He directs the Commission’s historical initiatives, collaborates with other historians involved and invested in the Commission’s work, and engages with both the general public and specific stakeholders. Connor advises the Commission through historical briefings and assists in the research and presentation of potential new namesakes to the Naming Commissioners. This work culminates with Connor’s contributions to the Naming Commission’s final report to Congress. Honored by this opportunity for national service, Connor has taken a leave of absence from Yale University, where he works in the departments of History and African American Studies and is in the final stages of completing his doctorate.
Prior to Yale, Connor completed a M.A. in Globalization Studies at Dartmouth College, where he wrote a thesis on diasporic influences upon Frederick Douglass’ political thinking. As a historian, Connor broadly studies 19th century America with a focus on racial politics and racial identity in the fifty years following the Civil War. He is currently revising articles on 19th Century historiography, and was a finalist for the 2016 Louis Pelzer Memorial Award, given by the Organization of American Historians to the best article by a Graduate Student.
Connor has taught at Yale University, Southern Connecticut State University and for the Yale College Writing Center. He has also worked for Yale’s Manuscripts and Archives division and the Gilder Lehrman Center for the Study of Slavery, Resistance, and Abolition.